Year
Vendor CPU MHz bit nm W KB MB/s mm2 PCIe GB/s RAM
1971 Intel 4004
.7 4 10000 0 .4 12
(1974) HP 60218-00065




1986 MOS 6510
.9 @ 1
8
6000
1
1
17
1990 Motorola
68000
7
16
1500
2
14
44
(1992) DEC
Alpha 21064
175
64
750
30
8+8 = 16
1400
234
1992 Intel
i486DX
50
32
800
5
8
200
81 FPM
1994
Pentium
90
600
9
16+16 = 32
480 148
100
10
533 148 EDO
1998
Celeron A
300 @ 450
250
19
16+16+128 = 160
800 154 SD
2001
2002
AMD Athlon
Athlon XP
1400
1466
180
130
72
64
64+64+256 = 384 2133 120
80
DDR
2005
2006
Athlon 64
Athlon 64 X2
1800
2×2000 = 4000
64
90 67
89
64+64+512 = 640
2×(64+64+512) = 1280
2×3200 = 6400 84
220
¼×16 = 4
2009 Intel Core 2 Duo 2×3000 @ 3600 = 7200 45 65 2×(32+32)+6144 = 6272 2×6400 = 12800 107 ½×16 = 8 DDR2
2012 Core i7 3400 @ 3700 = 14800 22 77 4×(32+32+256)+8192 = 9472 12800 = 25600 160 1×16 = 16 DDR3
2017
2018
2020
 
AMD Ryzen 7 Zen
Ryzen 7 Zen+
Ryzen 9 Zen 2
@ Eco
8×3400 @ 3500 = 28000
8×3700 @ 3800 = 30400
16×3500 @ 3850 = 61600
16×3500 @ 2800 = 44800
14
12
7/12
 
95
105
105
65
8×(32+64+512)+2×8192 = 21248
8×(32+64+512)+2×8192 = 21248
16×(32+32+512)+4×16384 = 73792
 
19200 = 38400
2×21333 = 42666
2×25600 = 51200
128 GB: 2×21333 = 42666
213
213
2×74+125 = 273
 
1×20 = 20
1×20 = 20
2×20 = 40
 
 
DDR4
2023
 
 
Ryzen 9 Zen 4
@ Eco
Ryzen 9 Zen 5
16×4500 @ 5100 = 81600
16×4500 @ 4800 = 76800
16×4500 @ 5100 = 81600
5/6
 
4/6
170
105
170
16×(32+32+1024)+2×32768 = 82944
 
 
96 GB: 2×41600 = 83200
128 GB: 2×28800 = 57600
2×44800 = 89600
2×66+125 = 257
 
 
4×24 = 96
 
 
DDR5
AMD Threadripper Zen 4 64×3200 ≥ 204800
24×4200 @ 4650 = 111600
5/6 350 4096+65536+262144 = 331776
1536+24576+131072 = 157184
4×41600 = 166400 8×71+388 = 956
4×71+388 = 672
4×48+2×32+?×8 ≥ 256
AMD EPYC Zen 4 128×3100 = 396800
96×3420 = 328320
24×4050 ≥ 97200
5/6 360
400
320
8192+131072+262144 = 401408
6144+98304+1179648 = 1284096
1536+24576+262144 = 288256
12×38400 = 460800 8×+
12×+
8×+
4×120 = 480
AMD EPYC Zen 5 192×
128×
4/6 12×+
16×+
Intel Xeon w7 20×2600 ≥ 52000 "7" 225 ≥ 38400 4×38400 = 153600 490 4×64 = 256
Intel
 
Core i9
@ Eco
8×3200+16×2400 @ 24×⌀4600 ≤ 110400
8×3200+16×2400 @ 24×⌀3800 ≤ 91200
"7"
 
253
125
8×(80+2048)+36864+16×(96)+4096 = 59520
 
96 GB: 2×44800 = 89600
128 GB: 2×35200 = 70400
~257
 
4×20 = 80
 
兆芯 KH-40000 32×2000 ≥ 64000 14 65536 8×25600 = 204800 1×128 = 128
龙芯 3A6000 16×
Apple M2 Ultra 16×3490+8×2400 = 75040 5 …+65536+8192+98304 ≥ 172032 Σ 819200 Σ 1120 2×64 ≥ 128
Apple M3 Max 12×+4× 3 Σ 409600